1 billion people eat chocolate every day


Who does not like to eat chocolate, some dark chocolate or sweet chocolate. Everyone’s preferences are different. So each chocolate day is different. Bittersweet Chocolate Day on January 10, Milk Chocolate Day on July 28, White Chocolate Day on September 22 and Chocolate Covering Day on December 16.

However, the world recognized chocolate day is July 7. Chocolate Day has been celebrated since 1550 in Europe. A box of chocolates is enough to make a sweet face, a gift to someone or to break the anger of a loved one. But do you know, about 1 billion or 10 billion people eat chocolate every day in the world.

But the popularity of chocolate is not new in this century. In the 16th century, sweets became a popular food in many families. At that time, Baker’s Chocolate was the first chocolate company in America. The National Confectioners Association of the United States designates this special day to celebrate sugary foods. Some sources believe that the first World Chocolate Day was held in 2009. The day has many meanings.

1 billion people eat chocolate every day

Chocolate is very beneficial for the body. Dark chocolate is full of antioxidants. It lowers blood pressure and improves cardiovascular health. So you can eat dark chocolate to maintain physical health. Eating chocolate will be good for your heart and brain.

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Basically this chocolate is made from the seeds of a tree. But the method is not so simple. A chocolate bar comes to you after a long process. The main raw material for making chocolate is cocoa beans. This cacao plant is called Theobroma cacao in Greek. It means food for the gods. Up to 400 cocoa beans are needed to make 500 grams of chocolate.

Do you know what? To meet this huge demand for chocolate, most of the cocoa is produced in Ivory Coast and Ghana. More than 3 million tons of cocoa beans are traded annually in Europe-America alone. According to scientists, the first cacao tree was found in Mexico 4000 years ago. However, the Aztecs first started consuming chocolate as a drink 2500 years ago. As such, the history of chocolate is two and a half thousand years old. According to historians Sophie and Michael Coe, authors of ‘The True History of Chocolate’ (Thames and Hudson, 2013), the word chocolate comes from the Aztec word zoquatl.

Back then, cocoa beans were used to make a bitter-tasting drink. This is how chocolate was eaten until the Spanish conquistadors arrived in Central America. In Central America around 1100 BC, the cacao tree and its seeds were highly valued.

At that time, they produced the scent through the process of fermentation from the seeds of the cocoa tree. Then it was dried and cleaned and made like a roast and the seeds were peeled off with heat. What was left after peeling was called nib. And with this nib, chocolate was made by combining various spices.

1 billion people eat chocolate every day

But in the ancient Olmec civilization, chocolate was drunk like tea. According to Hayes Lavis, curator of cultural arts at the Smithsonian Museum of American-Indians, the ancient Olmec civilization, which dates back to 1500 BC, used chocolate as a stimulant compound with tea.

The Olmecs used cocoa beans to make a ceremonial drink. Since no written history has been found, they remain unclear as to how cacao was used in their inventory, or if it was used at all. Many historians confirm that the Olmecs used cacao beans, and that later cacao began to be used as chocolate.

If the history of the Olmecs’ use of cocoa beans is true. Presumably, then, they were able to spread their knowledge of cacao to Central America, from where the Mayans later began using cacao as chocolate in their own culture. The Mayans not only used cocoa beans as food, they also revered them. According to the written history of the Mayans, chocolate was used as a drink to celebrate various events and to finalize important transactions.

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Despite the importance of chocolate in Mayan culture, it was not only reserved for the rich and elite. It was accessible to almost all types of people. In many Mayan households, the consumption of chocolate with every meal was mandatory. The chocolate used by the Mayans was very thick and white. They mixed it with pepper, honey or water and used it as a drink.

1 billion people eat chocolate every day

Cacao beans were considered more valuable than gold in Aztec culture. Aztec chocolate was mostly a high-class consumption item. Although the lower classes occasionally enjoyed it at weddings or other occasions. Aztec ruler Montezuma II was a big fan of cocoa. It was like a drug to him. He drank copious amounts of chocolate daily to boost his energy and as an aphrodisiac. He even reserved cocoa beans for his military.

However, there are many debates about when and how chocolate reached Europe. Although it is believed to have reached Spain first. According to a popular story, after Christopher Columbus intercepted a merchant ship during a voyage to the Americas, he discovered cacao beans and, out of curiosity, brought the beans back with him to Spain in 1502.

Then Coco arrived in Spain. The Spanish took a liking to it early on and in 1585 Spain started importing chocolate. At that time, other European countries such as Italy and France occupied parts of Central America. Spain had a monopoly. Chocolate became widely known in the European region.

Chocolate mania soon spread across Europe. Because of the high demand for chocolate, cocoa plantations were built there and thousands of slaves worked in these plantations. Cocoa beans first arrived in Florida on a Spanish ship in 1641. The first American chocolate house is believed to have opened in Boston in 1682.

By 1773, cocoa beans had become a major import to the American colonies, and chocolate was enjoyed by all classes of people. During the American Revolutionary War, chocolate was supplied as rations to the military. Sometimes cocoa beans were given to soldiers instead of money.

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Source: Live Science, Smithsonian

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