The festival of buying and selling calves at the cow market


  • The sale of calves does not stop even if the price of beef increases and the profit decreases
  • Calf price varies from 50 thousand to 1 lakh depending on breed and size

After Eid-ul-Adha, the festival of buying and selling calves is going on in the cow markets of Pabna. Farmers and small farmers are buying calves in the hope that they will turn into a wealth of lakhs of rupees as the years go by. However, due to the high price of food, the possibility of profit is less, buyers said. Still, the buying of calves did not decline. As the reason, the small farmers say that the money for cattle feed will go day by day and at the end of the year the money will be in hand at once, this is the benefit for them.

Livestock department says that at least half a lakh calves will be bought and sold in this post-Eid season across the district. According to them, feeding raw grass and molasses will reduce production costs. If farmers raise calves according to their advice, everyone will benefit.

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It has been found that farmers and small farmers usually sell their bulls before Eid al-Adha. A large number of bulls are sold even after the month of Ramadan due to the rise of ‘gosht samiti’ (community buying cows) in the country. Buy these farm calves and renovate the farm. They usually buy calves in the haats after Qurbani Eid.

The festival of buying and selling calves at the cow market
Calf at Pabna’s Bangram cow market – Photo Jago News

If the calf is fed molasses along with normal grass immediately after purchase, the calf becomes a healthy bull or cow at a low cost. By avoiding high-priced feed, raw grass costs are reduced. And there is abundance of raw grass throughout the district. The possibility of profiting by rearing calves is bright. – Livestock Officer Dr. Gaurang Kumar Talukdar

As this matter has become a custom, the import of calves is also high at this time. After Eid, those farmers buy calves and rear them throughout the year. Some farmers buy calves at the end of winter. The reason for this, they said, is that the physical growth of calves is less in winter. That’s why after the end of winter, many people buy calves and fatten them up.

In Pabna’s Arankola, Kashinathpur, Karamja Chaturhat, Arifpur Hazirhat, Pushpa Para and Bangram cow markets, it was found that like every year, a lot of buying and selling of calves is going on. The calf is being sold at Tk 50,000 to Tk 1 lakh depending on the size and breed. Some calves look like big cows. They look bigger as they are superior varieties. For example: Big calves of Shahiwal breed are being bought and sold for lakhs of taka.

The festival of buying and selling calves at the cow market
Live sale of calves at Karamja Chaturhat – Photo Jago News

Talking to the traders in the market, it is known that there is a high demand for cross-breed calves and native-breed calves. However, no calf is found below 50 thousand rupees. Farmers said that the price of young calves is relatively high. If you add 30,000 taka to the calf that is 50,000 taka, it is possible to buy a cow of twice its weight. As small farmers have little capital, their initial cost of buying calves increases. And since big farmers have more capital, they buy relatively big cows. This lowers the production cost of the big farmers from the start.

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Talking to farmers and small farmers, it is known that earlier, buying calves and fattening them could have made a lot of profit. But due to the increase in the price of cattle feed and medicines, it is not profitable to rear calves. They said that even a decade ago, a calf was available for 20,000 taka. At the end of the year it could be sold for 80 thousand or in some cases lakhs. Small-medium or large-scale cow farmers had the opportunity to benefit from it. But now the scenario has changed. Now a bull or cow calf has to be bought for 50-70 thousand rupees. If it is an advanced variety, it has to be bought for lakhs of taka. The cost of rearing those calves is not profitable at the price they are sold at the end of the year.

Farmers and small farmers usually sell their reared bulls before Eid al-Adha. A large number of bulls are sold even after the month of Ramadan due to the rise of ‘gosht samiti’ (community buying cows) in the country. Buy these farm calves and renovate the farm. They usually buy calves in the haats after Qurbani Eid.

Salim Uddin, a tenant of Pabna Sadar Upazila, recalled that in 2012, he bought a calf for 20,000 taka, fattened it and sold it to a businessman in Arifpur Hajirhat for 66,000 taka. His net profit was 30 thousand rupees. Rahima Khatun, Karimon Necha and Sufia Begum of Chargargari village of Ishwardi upazila said that they bought a calf cow with a loan of 20,000 rupees from an NGO in 2013. After only 6 months, they sold it in the market for 40 thousand taka.

Labani Akhtar Lovely of Sakadegari area of ​​Chalimpur Union of Ishwardi Upazila of Pabna said that in 2013, her husband Anwarul Islam bought two rams and calves from Arankola of Ishwardi for just 12,000 taka. They sold those two calves for two years for five lakh rupees.

The festival of buying and selling calves at the cow market
Trader Abul Mia came to the market with many calves – Photo Jago News

School teacher Afsar Ali of Bahalbaria village in Santhia and Jalal Uddin of Bishnupur village said that the family cannot survive with the salary given by the government. So I keep one bull calf every year. It can be sold for about lakhs of taka during Eid al-Adha.

Jalal Uddin said, but now calf rearing is not profitable. Even if the cow is sold for lakhs of rupees, there is no profit if the expenses are excluded. He blamed the rise in prices of fodder and medicine.

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Babu Ali, a van driver of Bamondanga village of Santhia upazila, said that he bought a calf for Tk 50,000 and reared it. Now the price of cow is Rs. But if the price of the calf and the cost of food are excluded, there is no profit. He did not bring it as his own effort. So what hope they keep the calf? In response to this question, he said, daily food costs. But when you sell the cow, you get the money together, that’s the profit.

The festival of buying and selling calves at the cow market
There is a difference in the price of calves depending on the breed and size – Photo Jago News

According to the district livestock department, there are about 10,000 farmers in the entire district who rear cows and bulls on a commercial basis. On the other hand, middle class or lower middle class people, some as a hobby, some to remove the curse of unemployment, some to bring prosperity to the family, keep one or two bulls and calves. Their number is about half a million. This time also 6 lakh 34 thousand 414 cattle were prepared for sacrifice in the district. Among them, 1 lakh 93 thousand 100 cows. After so many cows are sold, the farm starts again with calf cows. Again, the Khamris not only buy calves after Eid al-Adha, but they buy more or less calves throughout the year. However, most calves are bought and sold after Eid al-Adha.

The price of young calves is relatively high. If you add 30,000 taka to the calf that is available for 50,000 taka, it is possible to buy a cow of twice the weight. As small farmers have little capital, their initial cost of buying calves increases. As large farmers have more capital, they buy relatively large cows. It lowers the production cost of big farmers from the start.

Meanwhile, the calf sellers said that cow rearing is becoming unprofitable due to the increase in the price of cow feed. Many have closed farms. They said that the calf is profited by cow breeding. Calves are usually sold more after Eid al-Adha or at the end of winter.

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I went to Karamja Chaturhat, the biggest market for buying and selling calves, and talked to a young man named Sagar Hossain of Bamondanga village of Ataikul police station. He said, they raise one calf every year. This time also bought with 55 thousand rupees. He also said that the price of small size calves is comparatively higher. It would be better if you could buy it for 75-80 thousand rupees. But he could not buy it due to lack of capital.

Talked to the calf dealer Babul Mia. He bought several calves a month ago. Now they are on the market. He said that because of the high cost of feeding the calves, the profit is decreasing.

The festival of buying and selling calves at the cow market
The calf will become a wealth of lakhs of rupees in a year – Photo Jago News

District Livestock Officer Dr. Gaurang Kumar Talukdar said that they advise the farmers and small farmers to keep the calf at least one week apart from other cows after buying it. They then recommend giving the calf four vaccinations 15-20 days apart. If the calf is fed with molasses along with regular grass, the calf becomes a healthy bull or cow at low cost.

He said that the cost of raw grass is reduced by avoiding high-priced food. And there is abundance of raw grass throughout the district. The possibility of profiting by rearing calves is bright.

AIJ/SHS/JIM